EAORC BULLETIN 544 – 17 November 2013
SCIENCE NEWS – Why Teenagers Are So Impulsive. 1
SCIENCE NEWS – The Evolution of Little Red Riding Hood. 1
SCIENCE NEWS – Old Dogs Teach a New Lesson about Canine Origins. 1
SCIENCE NEWS – ScienceShot: Gorillas Use Ladders in the Wild. 1
SCIAM NEWS – The Moral Life of Babies. 1
SCIAM NEWS – The Need for Pretend Play in Child Development 1
AHRC NEWS – Rock art is located in sonically interesting places. 2
CONFERENCE – 5th UK Cognitive Linguistics Conference, Lancaster University, 29-31 July 2014. 2
CONFERENCE – 1st Global Conference on Deception. 3
Proceedings of the Royal Society B – 7 January 2014. 3
Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B – 19 December 2013. 4
Frontiers in Evolutionary Neuroscience – 17 November 2013. 4
New Scientist – 16 November 2013. 4
Science – 15 November 2013. 4
Nature – 14 November 2013. 4
PLOS One – 13 November 2013. 5
PNAS – 12 November 2013. 6
Animal Behaviour – November 2013. 6
Current Anthropology – December 2013. 7
To unsubscribe from the EAORC Bulletin. 7
SCIENCE NEWS – Why Teenagers Are So Impulsive
Scientists find something unique about the adolescent brainhttp://news.sciencemag.org/brain-behavi ... -impulsive
SCIENCE NEWS – The Evolution of Little Red Riding Hood
Researcher applies technique used to compare species to trace origin of famous folktalehttp://news.sciencemag.org/evolution/20 ... iding-hood
SCIENCE NEWS – Old Dogs Teach a New Lesson about Canine Origins
Researchers say dogs were domesticated first in Europe from a lineage of gray wolves that no longer existshttp://www.sciencemag.org/content/342/6160/785.full
SCIENCE NEWS – ScienceShot: Gorillas Use Ladders in the Wild
Ape spotted using a bamboo shoot to pull an infant to safetyhttp://news.sciencemag.org/plants-anima ... dders-wild
SCIAM NEWS – The Moral Life of Babies
Yale Psychology Professor Paul Bloom finds the origins of morality in infantshttp://www.scientificamerican.com/artic ... B_20131113
SCIAM NEWS – The Need for Pretend Play in Child Development
“We often use the terms pretend play or make-believe play (the acting out of stories which involve multiple perspectives and the playful manipulation of ideas and emotions), that reflect a critical feature of the child’s cognitive and social development. Over the last seventy-five years a number of theorists and researchers have identified the values of such imaginative play as a vital component to the normal development of a child.”http://blogs.scientificamerican.com/bea ... B_20131113
AHRC NEWS – Rock art is located in sonically interesting places
"Prehistory is not silent, death or mute", according to Dr Rupert Till of the University of Huddersfield. Research findings about the significance of sound reverberations at cave art sites was reported at the AHRC/EPSRC Science and Heritage Programme conference, and in the Daily Mail. Find out more on the Daily Mail website.http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/ ... ongly.html
CONFERENCE – 5th UK Cognitive Linguistics Conference, Lancaster University, 29-31 July 2014.
We invite the submission of abstracts (for paper or poster presentations) addressing all aspects of cognitive linguistics. The conference aims to cover a broad range of research concerned with language and cognition. However, we are be especially interested in promoting strongly empirical work. To this end, a number of thematic sessions, with our plenary speakers acting as discussants, will be organised. The themes will be:
· Typology and constructional analyses of the languages of the world
· Corpora and statistical methods
· Metaphor and discourse
Reflecting these particular areas, we are delighted to confirm that the following distinguished guests have confirmed their participation as plenary speakers:
· Alan Cienki (Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam)
· William Croft (University of New Mexico)
· Adele Goldberg (Princeton University)
· Stefan Gries (University of California, Santa Barbara)
· Elena Semino (Lancaster University
In addition to designated themes, submissions on other aspects of Cognitive Linguistics are also welcome. Cognitive linguistics is by definition highly interdisciplinary, and so in addition to primarily linguistic research, we also invite submissions that are based on disciplines such as (cognitive and social) psychology, cognition and neuroscience, anthropology, primatology, biology, and discourse and communication studies.
Talks will be 20 minutes plus 10 minutes for questions and discussion. There will also be a poster session. The language of the conference is English.
Since 2012 UK-CLA publishes selected conference presentations in the series 'Selected Papers from UK-CLA Meetings' (ISSN 2046-9144); UK-CLC5 will continue this tradition.
The deadline for abstract submission is 20 December 2013. Notification of acceptance will be communicated by 1 February 2014. Abstracts must be strictly anonymous, and should be submitted in plain text and/or PDF format.
If you need to use phonetic characters, please make sure that they are displayed correctly.
All abstracts are double-blind peer reviewed by an international scientific committee. Abstracts of no more than 300 words (excluding references) should be submitted using EasyChair: https://www.easychair.org/conferences/?conf=ukclc5
. Participants are allowed to submit abstracts for no more than one single-authored paper and one joint-authored paper. If you have not registered with EasyChair before, please do so using the link above. Once you have created an account or signed in please follow the following steps:
· Click on the 'New Submission' link at the top of the page.
· Agree to the terms and conditions (if prompted).
· Fill in the relevant information about the author or authors.
· Give the title of the paper in the 'Title' box and then (a) enter or paste your abstract into the 'Abstract' box (please remember that this is plain text only) and/or (b) upload your abstract as a PDF file by clicking 'Choose File' under 'Upload Paper.'
· At the top of your abstract, indicate whether you would prefer an oral presentation, a poster, or either. Please do this by entering 'oral presentation', 'poster', or 'oral presentation/poster' at the top of your abstract, above the title.
· Type three or more keywords into the 'Keywords' box (these will help us choose suitable reviewers for your abstract, as well as a possible thematic session for your paper).
· When you are done, please press 'Submit' at the very bottom of the page.
KEY DATES AND INFORMATION
· Abstract deadline: 20 December 2013
· Decisions communicated by: 1 February 2014
· Early bird registration opens: 1 February 2014
· Early bird registration closes: 15 March 2014
· Registration closes: 1 June 2014
· Conference dates: 29-31 July 2014
For further information visit http://www.lancaster.ac.uk/fass/events/uk-clc5/
or contact the organisers at: email@example.com
CONFERENCE – 1st Global Conference on Deception
Thursday 17th July Saturday 19th July 2014, Mansfield College, Oxford, United Kingdom
This inter-disciplinary conference will address artefacts and practices that challenge truthfulness, authenticity or reliability. Deception is practiced in many forms, affecting societies and individuals. It may be a vital survival tool, a means of gaining unfair advantage, or a pleasurable spectacle. This conference invites delegates to explore how deception is manifested in their discipline, or how multi-disciplinary notions of deception affect their field.
Proposals for papers and presentations are invited on topics related to, but not limited to:
· False Identities: disguises, costumes and masquerade, aliases and pseudonyms, anonymity
· Illusions: virtual reality and simulated worlds, trompe l'oeil and optical or perceptual illusions, theatrical and dramatic illusions, mirrors and architectural illusions, camouflage
· Fakes and Forgeries: false signs of authenticity, the lives and practices of forgers, hoaxes, red herrings and decoys
· Betrayal: whistleblowers and defectors, trust and distrust, infidelity, fractured expectations
· Dishonest Media: photo-manipulation and retouching, ‘black’ propaganda, plagiarism, misrepresentation
The Steering Group invites proposals for pre-formed panels, as well as individual papers.
In order to support and encourage interdisciplinarity engagement, it is our intention to create the possibility of starting dialogues between the parallel events running during this conference. Delegates are welcome to attend up to two sessions in each of the concurrent conferences. We also propose to produce cross-over sessions between these groups – and we welcome proposals which deal with the relationship between Deception and Childhood and Videogame Cultures.
WHAT TO SEND
Proposals will also be considered on any related theme. 300 word proposals should be submitted by Friday 14th February 2014. If a proposal is accepted for the conference, a full draft paper of no more than 3000 words should be submitted by Friday 16th May 2014. Proposals should be submitted simultaneously to both Organising Chairs; abstracts may be in Word or RTF formats with the following information and in this order:
a) author(s), b) affiliation as you would like it to appear in programme, c) email address, d) title of proposal, e) body of proposal, f) up to 10 keywords.
E-mails should be entitled: Deception 1 Proposal Submission.
Please use plain text (Times Roman 12) and abstain from using footnotes and any special formatting, characters or emphasis (such as bold, italics or underline). We acknowledge receipt and answer to all proposals submitted. If you do not receive a reply from us in a week you should assume we did not receive your proposal; it might be lost in cyberspace! We suggest, then, to look for an alternative electronic route or resend.
All proposals accepted for and presented at the conference must be in English and will be eligible for publication in an ISBN eBook. Selected proposals may be developed for publication in a themed hard copy volume. All publications from the conference will require editors, to be chosen from interested delegates from the conference.
CHAIRS: Barbara Brownie: firstname.lastname@example.org
Rob Fisher: email@example.com
WEBSITE: http://www.inter-disciplinary.net/probi ... entations/
Inter-Disciplinary.Net believes it is a mark of personal courtesy and professional respect to your colleagues that all delegates should attend for the full duration of the meeting. If you are unable to make this commitment, please do not submit an abstract for presentation.
Proceedings of the Royal Society B – 7 January 2014
MICHAEL MUTHUKRISHNA et al with JOSEPH HENRICH – Sociality influences cultural complexity [“Archaeological and ethnohistorical evidence suggests a link between a population's size and structure, and the diversity or sophistication of its toolkits or technologies. Addressing these patterns, several evolutionary models predict that both the size and social interconnectedness of populations can contribute to the complexity of its cultural repertoire. Some models also predict that a sudden loss of sociality or of population will result in subsequent losses of useful skills/technologies. Here, we test these predictions with two experiments that permit learners to access either one or five models (teachers)”] http://rspb.royalsocietypublishing.org/ ... 1.abstract
TIMOTHY J POLNASZEK & DAVID W STEPHENS – Why not lie? Costs enforce honesty in an experimental signalling game [“This study presents a laboratory signalling game using blue jays (Cyanocitta cristata) that provides, to our knowledge, the first experimental evidence showing honesty persists when costs are high and disappears when costs are low”] http://rspb.royalsocietypublishing.org/ ... 7.abstract
STEVEN BROWN et al – Correlations in the population structure of music, genes and language [“We present, to our knowledge, the first quantitative evidence that music and genes may have coevolved by demonstrating significant correlations between traditional group-level folk songs and mitochondrial DNA variation among nine indigenous populations of Taiwan. These correlations were of comparable magnitude to those between language and genes for the same populations, although music and language were not significantly correlated with one another”] http://rspb.royalsocietypublishing.org/ ... 2.abstract
Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B – 19 December 2013
NOTHING OF INTEREST
Frontiers in Evolutionary Neuroscience – 17 November 2013
NOTHING OF INTEREST
New Scientist – 16 November 2013
World's oldest string found at French Neanderthal site [What could be the earliest direct evidence of string has been found at a site in south-east France occupied by Neanderthals 90,000 years ago] http://www.newscientist.com/article/mg2 ... ojH035FCUk
DAVID WHITEBREAD & SUE BINGHAM – Too much, too young: Should schooling start at age 7? [England and a few other countries start formal education at age 4 or 5. That's harmful and misguided, say education experts] http://www.newscientist.com/article/mg2 ... age-7.html
CHRISTOPHER KEMP – Primeval planet: What if humans had never existed? [What was the planet like before Homo sapiens, and would it still be that way if we had never gone global? NS attempts to rewind time, erase our ancestors, and hit play] http://www.newscientist.com/article/mg2 ... isted.html
DANIEL L EVERETT – The shaman's-eye view: A Yanomami verdict on us [Review of ‘The Falling Sky: Words of a Yanomami shaman’ by Davi Kopenawa] http://www.newscientist.com/article/mg2 ... ojLP35FCUk
Science – 15 November 2013
Old Dogs Teach a New Lesson About Canine Origins [By comparing the mitochondrial genomes of 18 ancient canids with modern dogs, wolves, and coyotes, researchers conclude that dogs were domesticated first in Europe from a lineage of gray wolves that no longer exists] http://www.sciencemag.org/content/342/6160/785.short
DOROTHY M FRAGASZY AND YONAT ESHCHAR – Coming to Grips with Learning with Others [Review of ‘Social Learning An Introduction to Mechanisms, Methods, and Models’ by William Hoppitt and Kevin N. Laland] http://www.sciencemag.org/content/342/6160/801.short
O THALMANN et al – Complete Mitochondrial Genomes of Ancient Canids Suggest a European Origin of Domestic Dogs [“The geographic and temporal origins of the domestic dog remain controversial, as genetic data suggest a domestication process in East Asia beginning 15,000 years ago, whereas the oldest doglike fossils are found in Europe and Siberia and date to >30,000 years ago. We analyzed the mitochondrial genomes of 18 prehistoric canids from Eurasia and the New World, along with a comprehensive panel of modern dogs and wolves. The mitochondrial genomes of all modern dogs are phylogenetically most closely related to either ancient or modern canids of Europe. Molecular dating suggests an onset of domestication there 18,800 to 32,100 years ago. These findings imply that domestic dogs are the culmination of a process that initiated with European hunter-gatherers and the canids with whom they interacted”] http://www.sciencemag.org/content/342/6160/871.abstract
Nature – 14 November 2013
Burials indicate Viking sacrifices [Vikings may have sacrificed slaves to be buried with their masters] http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v5 ... E-20131114
PETER RICHERSON – Human evolution: Group size determines cultural complexity [“Many animals use culture, the ability to learn from others, but only humans create complex culture. A laboratory experiment tests which characteristics of our social networks give us this capacity”] http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/va ... E-20131114
MAXIME DEREX et al – Experimental evidence for the influence of group size on cultural complexity [“A dual-task computer game played by groups of different sizes is used to show that cultural evolution (the maintenance or improvement of cultural knowledge) strongly depends on population size; in larger groups of players, higher cultural complexity and cultural trait diversity are maintained, and improvements to existing cultural traits are more frequent”] http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/va ... E-20131114
PLOS One – 13 November 2013
ZUDE ZHU et al – Large Scale Brain Functional Networks Support Sentence Comprehension: Evidence from Both Explicit and Implicit Language Tasks [“we constructed brain functional networks based on 27 subjects’ fMRI data that was collected while performing explicit and implicit language tasks. We found that network properties and network hubs corresponding to the implicit language task were similar to those associated with the explicit language task. We also found common hubs in occipital, temporal and frontal regions in both tasks. Compared with the implicit language task, the explicit language task resulted in greater global efficiency and increased integrated betweenness centrality of the left inferior frontal gyrus, which is a key region related to sentence comprehension. These results suggest that brain functional networks support both explicit and implicit sentence comprehension; in addition, these two types of language tasks may modulate the properties of brain functional networks”] http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Ad ... ne.0080214
MICHAEL S VITEVITCH et al – Speaker Sex Influences Processing of Grammatical Gender [“In the present study native Spanish listeners heard Spanish words that varied in grammatical gender (masculine, ending in -o, or feminine, ending in -a) produced by either a male or a female speaker. When asked to indicate the grammatical gender of the words, listeners were faster and more accurate when the sex of the speaker “matched” the grammatical gender than when the sex of the speaker and the grammatical gender “mismatched.” No such interference was observed when listeners heard the same stimuli, but identified whether the speaker was male or female. This finding suggests that indexical information, in this case the sex of the speaker, influences not just processes associated with word recognition, but also higher-level processes associated with grammatical processing”] http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Ad ... ne.0079701
JASON W FLINDALL & CLAUDIA L R GONZALEZ – On the Evolution of Handedness: Evidence for Feeding Biases [13 right-handed students found it easier to feed themselves with their right hand than their left. I don’t think it says anything useful about the evolution of handedness, but judge for yourself] http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Ad ... ne.0078967
TERESA RITO et al – The First Modern Human Dispersals across Africa [“Here we have generated 42 novel whole-mtDNA genomes belonging to haplogroup L0, the most divergent clade in the maternal line of descent, and analysed them alongside the growing database of African lineages belonging to L0’s sister clade, L1’6. We propose that the last common ancestor of modern human mtDNAs (carried by “mitochondrial Eve”) possibly arose in central Africa ~180 ka, at a time of low population size. By ~130 ka two distinct groups of anatomically modern humans co-existed in Africa: broadly, the ancestors of many modern-day Khoe and San populations in the south and a second central/eastern African group that includes the ancestors of most extant worldwide populations. Early modern human dispersals correlate with climate changes, particularly the tropical African “megadroughts” of MIS 5 (marine isotope stage 5, 135–75 ka) which paradoxically may have facilitated expansions in central and eastern Africa, ultimately triggering the dispersal out of Africa of people carrying haplogroup L3 ~60 ka. Two south to east migrations are discernible within haplogroup LO. One, between 120 and 75 ka, represents the first unambiguous long-range modern human dispersal detected by mtDNA and might have allowed the dispersal of several markers of modernity. A second one, within the last 20 ka signalled by L0d, may have been responsible for the spread of southern click-consonant languages to eastern Africa, contrary to the view that these eastern examples constitute relicts of an ancient, much wider distribution”] http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Ad ... ne.0080031
JAMSHID J. TEHRANI – The Phylogeny of Little Red Riding Hood [“Researchers have long been fascinated by the strong continuities evident in the oral traditions associated with different cultures. According to the ‘historic-geographic’ school, it is possible to classify similar tales into “international types” and trace them back to their original archetypes. However, critics argue that folktale traditions are fundamentally fluid, and that most international types are artificial constructs. Here, these issues are addressed using phylogenetic methods that were originally developed to reconstruct evolutionary relationships among biological species, and which have been recently applied to a range of cultural phenomena”] http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Ad ... ne.0078871
NAMKJE KOUDENBURG, TOM POSTMES & ERNESTINE H GORDIJN – Conversational Flow Promotes Solidarity [“Social interaction is fundamental to the development of various aspects of “we-ness”. Previous research has focused on the role the content of interaction plays in establishing feelings of unity, belongingness and shared reality (a cluster of variables referred to as solidarity here). The present paper is less concerned with content, but focuses on the form of social interaction. We propose that the degree to which conversations flow smoothly or not is, of itself, a cue to solidarity”] http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Ad ... ne.0078363
CHEN YU & LINDA B SMITH – Joint Attention without Gaze Following: Human Infants and Their Parents Coordinate Visual Attention to Objects through Eye-Hand Coordination [“Previous research has focused on one pathway to the coordination of looking behavior by social partners, gaze following. The extant evidence shows that even very young infants follow the direction of another's gaze but they do so only in highly constrained spatial contexts because gaze direction is not a spatially precise cue as to the visual target and not easily used in spatially complex social interactions. Our findings, derived from the moment-to-moment tracking of eye gaze of one-year-olds and their parents as they actively played with toys, provide evidence for an alternative pathway, through the coordination of hands and eyes in goal-directed action”] http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Ad ... ne.0079659
ZEWDI J TSEGAI et al – Trabecular Bone Structure Correlates with Hand Posture and Use in Hominoids [“Our results support a link between inferred behaviour and trabecular structure in extant hominoids that can be informative for reconstructing behaviour in fossil primates”] http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Ad ... ne.0078781
MICHAEL COQUERELLE et al – Short Faces, Big Tongues: Developmental Origin of the Human Chin [“During the course of human evolution, the retraction of the face underneath the braincase, and closer to the cervical column, has reduced the horizontal dimension of the vocal tract. By contrast, the relative size of the tongue has not been reduced, implying a rearrangement of the space at the back of the vocal tract to allow breathing and swallowing. This may have left a morphological signature such as a chin (mental prominence) that can potentially be interpreted in Homo”] http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Ad ... ne.0081287
YONGXIANG CHEN, LIQI ZHU & ZHE CHEN – Family Income Affects Children’s Altruistic Behavior in the Dictator Game [“A total of 469 four-year-old children from eight rural areas in China, including many children left behind by parents who had migrated to urban areas for work, played the DG. Stickers comprised the resource, while recipients in the game were assumed to be either their friends or strangers, with the social distance (i.e., strangers compared to friends) as a between-subjects variable. Children donated significantly more stickers to their friends than to strangers. Moreover, children from lower income families donated more stickers than children from higher income families. However, no gender and parental migrant status differences in children’s prosocial behaviors were evident in this sample”] http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Ad ... ne.0080419
PNAS – 12 November 2013
ALHANOUF ALMOAMMER et al – Grammatical morphology as a source of early number word meanings [“Languages vary in how they grammatically mark number (e.g., in nouns, verbs, and so forth). We test the effects of this variability on learning number words—for example, one, two, three—by investigating children learning Slovenian and Saudi Arabic, which have singular-plural marking, but also dual marking (for sets of two). We find that learning the dual is associated with faster learning of the meaning of two than in any previously studied language, even when accompanied by less experience with counting. We conclude that although exposure to counting is important to learning number word meanings, hearing number words used outside of these routines—in the quantif
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