EAORC BULLETIN 529 – 4 August 2013
CONFERENCE – EVOLANG 10 (10th International Conference on the Evolution of Language) 1
CONFERENCE – 5th UK Cognitive Linguistics Conference. 2
NATURE NEWS – Prefrontal cortical microcircuits bind perception to executive control 3
SCIAM NEWS – Co-Discoverer of Homo sapiens's Little Hobbit Cousin Leaves Large Scientific Legacy. 3
SCIAM NEWS – Phased Out: Human Sleep Patterns Linked to Full Moon. 3
SCIAM NEWS – Big Social Group Makes Lemurs Cannier. 3
SCIAM NEWS – How Has the Human Brain Evolved?. 3
SCIAM NEWS – How to Teach Language to Dogs. 4
Proceedings of the Royal Society B – No issue this week. 4
Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B – No issue this week. 4
Frontiers in Evolutionary Neuroscience – 4 August 2013. 4
New Scientist – 3 August 2013. 4
Science – 2 August 2013. 4
Nature – 1 August 2013. 5
PLOS One – 31 July 2013. 5
PNAS – 30 July 2013. 6
Philosophy Now – July/August 2013. 6
To unsubscribe from the EAORC Bulletin. 7
CONFERENCE – EVOLANG 10 (10th International Conference on the Evolution of Language)
Vienna, 14-17 April 2014
Online registration is now open through the website.
Please visit evolangx.univie.ac.at regularly to keep up-to-date.
CALL FOR PAPERS (REMINDER & EXTENDED DEADLINE):
The 10th International Conference on the Evolution of Language (Vienna, April 14-17, 2014) invites substantive contributions relating to the evolution of human language. Submissions may be in any relevant discipline, including, but not limited to, anthropology, archeology, artificial life, biology, cognitive science, genetics, linguistics, modeling, paleontology, physiology, primatology, and psychology. Normal standards of academic excellence apply.
Submitted papers should aim to make clear their own substantive claim, relating this to relevant scientific literature, and briefly setting out the method by which the claim is substantiated, the nature of the relevant data, and/or the core of the theoretical argument concerned. Submissions may be theory-based, but empirical studies should not rest on preliminary results.
Submissions can be made both for podium presentations (20 minutes plus 10 minutes for discussion) and for poster presentations. They are limited to one first-authored podium presentation and one first-authored poster per person. There is no limit on second authored submissions. When submitting, please indicate whether your submission is to be considered for inclusion as a talk, as a poster, or as either of the two.
Please note the extended submission deadline: September 13, 2013!
For both podium and poster presentations, there are two possible types of submission: (a) Full papers, which can have a length of between 6 and 8 pages, and (b) Abstracts, which can be up to 2 pages long.
All accepted submissions will be published in a bound proceedings volume to appear before the start of the conference.
For details concerning the submission process and submission formats please go directly to: http://evolangx.univie.ac.at/submission/
PLENARISTS AND WORKSHOPS
We are pleased to welcome the following plenary speakers at Evolang X:
· Michael Arbib
· Rob Boyd
· Bill Croft
· Chris Knight & Jim Hurford
· Ann Senghas
· Joan Silk
· Kenny Smith
Evolang X will host the following half-day pre-conference workshops on April 14th:
· The comparative biology of artificial grammar learning
· Evolution of signals, speech and signs
· Evolutionary linguistics and historical language studies
· EvoMus: The evolution of language and music in a comparative perspective
· How grammaticalization processes create grammar: From historical corpus data to agent-based models
REGISTRATION, CONFERENCE FEES AND SOCIAL EVENTS:
Online registration is now possible. Early registration is € 250,- (full) and € 100,- (reduced), and will end on February 28th, 2014.
Late registration will be € 290,- (full) and € 140,- (reduced).
We hope to be able to offer some financial support to PhD students in the form of a partial refund of their expenses, but this will depend on the funding we receive, and we shall not know about that until some time in 2014. Please do not expect much. We are doing our best, but cannot guarantee anything at this point.
The social programme will include:
• Reception in the Vienna City Hall (free for all)
• Conference Dinner in a Viennese wine tavern (Heuriger Mayer am Pfarrplatz)
• Post Conference Options: City Walk, Schönbrunn Zoo, Leopold Museum (Klimt, Schiele), Viennese Coffee Houses, Walking Tour through the Wienerwald
For further information, and for registration please go to: http://evolangx.univie.ac.at/registration/
CONFERENCE – 5th UK Cognitive Linguistics Conference
Empirical Approaches to Language and Cognition
Lancaster University, United Kingdom, 29-31 July 2014http://www.lancs.ac.uk/fass/events/uk-clc5/
We invite the submission of abstracts (for paper or poster presentations) addressing all aspects of cognitive linguistics. Confirmed plenary speakers are:
· Daniel Casasanto (The New School, New York)
· Alan Cienki (Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam)
· William Croft (University of New Mexico)
· Adele Goldberg (Princeton University)
· Stefan Gries (University of California, Santa Barbara)
· Elena Semino (Lancaster University)
The conference aims to cover a broad range of research concerned with language and cognition. We will be especially interested in promoting strongly empirical work. To this end, we intend to organise (some of) the papers into thematic sessions, with our plenary speakers acting as discussants. The themes will be:
· typology and constructional analyses of the languages of the world
· corpora and statistical methods
· metaphor and discourse
In addition to these themes, submissions on other aspects of the field are also welcome. These include:
· domains and frame semantics
· categorisation, prototypes and polysemy
· mental spaces and conceptual blending
· language evolution
· linguistic variation and language change
· cognitive linguistic approaches to language teaching
Cognitive linguistics is by definition highly interdisciplinary, and so in addition to primarily linguistic research, we also invite submissions that are based on disciplines such as (cognitive and social) psychology, cognitive and neuroscience, anthropology, primatology, biology, and discourse and communication studies.
Talks will be 20 minutes plus 10 minutes for questions and discussion. There will also be a poster session. The language of the conference is English. Abstracts of no more than 300 words (excluding references) should be submitted using EasyChair: https://www.easychair.org/conferences/?conf=ukclc5
. Participants are allowed to submit abstracts for no more than one single-authored paper and one joint-authored paper. All abstracts will be subject to double-blind peer review by an international scientific committee. The deadline for abstract submission is 20 December 2013. Notification of acceptance will be communicated by 1 February 2014. Abstracts must be strictly anonymous, and should be submitted in plain text and/or PDF format. If you need to use phonetic characters, please make sure that they are displayed correctly.
To be able to submit an abstract you must use your existing EasyChair login details. If you have not registered with EasyChair before, please do so using the link above. Once you have created an account or signed in please follow the following steps:
1. Click on the ‘New Submission’ link at the top of the page;
2. Agree to the terms and conditions (if prompted);
3. Fill in the relevant information about the author or authors;
4. Give the title of the paper in the ‘Title’ box and then (a) enter or paste your abstract into the ‘Abstract’ box (please remember that this is plain text only) and/or: (b) upload your abstract as a PDF file by clicking ‘Choose File’ under ‘Upload Paper’;
5. At the top of your abstract, indicate whether you would prefer an oral presentation, a poster, or either. Please do this by entering “oral presentation”, “poster”, or “oral presentation/poster” at the top of your abstract, above the title.
6. Type three or more keywords into the ‘Keywords’ box (these will help us choose suitable reviewers for your abstract, as well as a possible thematic session for your paper); 7. When you are done, please press ‘Submit’ at the very bottom of the page.
Since UK-CLC3, the UK-CLA publishes selected conference presentations in the series ‘Selected Papers from UK-CLA Meetings’ (ISSN 2046-9144); UK-CLC5 will continue this tradition.
KEY DATES AND INFORMATION
Abstract deadline: 20 December 2013
Decisions communicated by: 1 February 2014
Early bird registration opens: 1 February 2014
Early bird registration closes: 15 March 2014
Registration closes: 1 June 2014
Conference dates: 29-31 July 2014
NATURE NEWS – Prefrontal cortical microcircuits bind perception to executive control
Ioan Opris, Lucas Santos, Greg A. Gerhardt et al.
“During the perception-to-action cycle, our cerebral cortex mediates the interactions between the environment and the perceptual-executive systems of the brain. At the top of the executive hierarchy, prefrontal cortical microcircuits are assumed to bind perceptual and executive control information to guide goal-driven behavior. Here, we tested this hypothesis by comparing simultaneously recorded neuron firing in prefrontal cortical layers and the caudate-putamen of rhesus monkeys”http://www.nature.com/srep/2013/130725/ ... P-20130730
SCIAM NEWS – Co-Discoverer of Homo sapiens's Little Hobbit Cousin Leaves Large Scientific Legacy
“Leading Australian archaeologist Mike Morwood, co-discoverer of the extraordinary human “hobbits,” has died. He was 62.”http://blogs.scientificamerican.com/obs ... O_20130729
SCIAM NEWS – Phased Out: Human Sleep Patterns Linked to Full Moon
“It must be the moon”—the newest excuse for why you’re tired today http://www.scientificamerican.com/artic ... B_20130731
SCIAM NEWS – Big Social Group Makes Lemurs Cannier
Lemurs that live in large social groups have more street smarts than their comrades with smaller social circles, evidenced by their strategy for stealing food from people.http://www.scientificamerican.com/podca ... B_20130731
SCIAM NEWS – How Has the Human Brain Evolved?
“Humans are known for sporting big brains. On average, the size of primates' brains is nearly double what is expected for mammals of the same body size. Across nearly seven million years, the human brain has tripled in size, with most of this growth occurring in the past two million years”http://www.scientificamerican.com/artic ... B_20130731
SCIAM NEWS – How to Teach Language to Dogs
“Chaser, a Border Collie from South Carolina, first entered the news in 2011 when a Behavioral Processes paper reported she had learned and retained the distinct names of over 1,000 objects. But that’s not all. When tested on the ability to associate a novel word with an unfamiliar item, she could do that, too. She also learned that different objects fell into different categories: certain things are general “toys,” while others are the more specific “Frisbees” and, of course, there are many, many exciting “balls.” She differentiates between object labels and action commands, interpreting “fetch sock” as two separate words, not as the single phrase “fetchsock.””http://blogs.scientificamerican.com/dog ... B_20130731
Proceedings of the Royal Society B – No issue this week
Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B – No issue this week
Frontiers in Evolutionary Neuroscience – 4 August 2013
NOTHING OF INTEREST
New Scientist – 3 August 2013
Mummified Inca child sacrifice gives up its her secrets [Chemical analysis of the hair of the 13-year-old "Llullaillaco Maiden" reveals that drugs and alcohol played an important role in her last months] http://www.newscientist.com/article/mg2 ... f5btW1vblU
Full moon could be to blame for a poor night's sleep [A new analysis of a 10-year-old study suggests people slumber less deeply close to a full moon, with a corresponding dip in levels of the hormone melatonin] http://www.newscientist.com/article/mg2 ... f5cAG1vblU
Monogamy evolved to keep baby-killers away [Males and females of most mammal species don't stay together for life, but many primates do. We now have a good idea what drove them to evolve monogamy] http://www.newscientist.com/article/mg2 ... f5cqW1vblU
MICHAEL BROOKS – Quantum weirdness: The battle for the basis of reality [Reality, relativity, causality or free will? Take quantum theory at face value and at least one of them is an illusion – but which?] http://www.newscientist.com/article/mg2 ... ality.html
Science – 2 August 2013
How a Fickle Climate Made Us Human [Researchers are drilling for clues to how dramatic changes in African rainfall and vegetation shaped our species] http://www.sciencemag.org/content/341/6145/474.short
Out of the Kenyan Mud, an Ancient Climate Record [Scientists gather for a first look at a fresh sediment core, hoping that it will offer hard data linking environmental change to human evolution] http://www.sciencemag.org/content/341/6145/476.short
REBECCA L CANN – Y Weigh In Again on Modern Humans [“Sampling of the human Y chromosome eliminates the curious disparity in ages of our last common male and female ancestors. [The age of the most recent man or woman from whom all living humans today descended has been the subject of considerable debate. It has been suggested that the date of our last common maternal ancestor could have be three times older than that of our last common paternal ancestor. Two papers in this issue independently redate our most recent common paternal ancestor and find that there is rather little or no disparity with the age our common maternal ancestor”] http://www.sciencemag.org/content/341/6145/465.short
PETER M KAPPELER – Why Male Mammals Are Monogamous [“Male mammals have a much higher potential for producing offspring per unit time than females, making it necessary to identify selective advantages that would more than compensate for the loss of potential reproduction suffered by males that confine their reproductive activities to a single female”] http://www.sciencemag.org/content/341/6145/469.short
D LUKAS AND T H CLUTTON-BROCK – The Evolution of Social Monogamy in Mammals [“Here, we show that the ancestral condition for all mammalian groups is of solitary individuals and that social monogamy is derived almost exclusively from this social system. The evolution of social monogamy does not appear to have been associated with a high risk of male infanticide, and paternal care is a consequence rather than a cause of social monogamy. Social monogamy has evolved in nonhuman mammals where breeding females are intolerant of each other and female density is low, suggesting that it represents a mating strategy that has developed where males are unable to defend access to multiple females”] http://www.sciencemag.org/content/341/6145/526.abstract
G DAVID POZNIK et al – Sequencing Y Chromosomes Resolves Discrepancy in Time to Common Ancestor of Males Versus Females [“We sequenced the genomes of 69 males from nine populations, including two in which we find basal branches of the Y-chromosome tree. We identify ancient phylogenetic structure within African haplogroups and resolve a long-standing ambiguity deep within the tree. Applying equivalent methodologies to the Y chromosome and the mitochondrial genome, we estimate the time to the most recent common ancestor (TMRCA) of the Y chromosome to be 120 to 156 thousand years and the mitochondrial genome TMRCA to be 99 to 148 thousand years. Our findings suggest that, contrary to previous claims, male lineages do not coalesce significantly more recently than female lineages”] http://www.sciencemag.org/content/341/6145/562.abstract
PAOLO FRANCALACCI et al – Low-Pass DNA Sequencing of 1200 Sardinians Reconstructs European Y-Chromosome Phylogeny [“Population sequencing of 1204 Sardinian males identified 11,763 MSY single-nucleotide polymorphisms, 6751 of which have not previously been observed. We constructed a MSY phylogenetic tree containing all main haplogroups found in Europe, along with many Sardinian-specific lineage clusters within each haplogroup. The tree was calibrated with archaeological data from the initial expansion of the Sardinian population ~7700 years ago. The ages of nodes highlight different genetic strata in Sardinia and reveal the presumptive timing of coalescence with other human populations. We calculate a putative age for coalescence of ~180,000 to 200,000 years ago, which is consistent with previous mitochondrial DNA–based estimates”] http://www.sciencemag.org/content/341/6145/565.abstract
Nature – 1 August 2013
Psychology: Spot the gorilla [If it's not relevant you may miss it. This phenomenon of inattentional blindness is well documented; in a classic study, most observers asked to monitor a video of a ball game missed a gorilla on the court. But would experts also miss a gorilla?] http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v5 ... E-20130801
Sex determination for the Stone Age [A DNA-sequencing method reliably reveals the sex of ancient human remains] http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v5 ... E-20130801
ANDREW CURRY – Archaeology: The milk revolution [When a single genetic mutation first let ancient Europeans drink milk, it set the stage for a continental upheaval] http://www.nature.com/news/archaeology- ... E-20130801
PLOS One – 31 July 2013
DANIELA BARBARA KELLER & JÖRG SCHULTZ – Connectivity, Not Frequency, Determines the Fate of a Morpheme [“To analyze the influence of language change on morphemes, we performed a large scale analysis of German and English vocabulary covering the last 200 years. Using a network approach from bioinformatics, we examined the historical dynamics of morphemes, the fixation of new morphemes and the emergence of words containing existing morphemes. We found that these processes are driven mainly by the number of different direct neighbors of a morpheme in words (connectivity, an equivalent to family size or type frequency) and not its frequency of usage (equivalent to token frequency). This contrasts words, whose survival is determined by their frequency of usage”] http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Ad ... ne.0069945
JIAN HUANG et al – Cortical Dynamics of Semantic Processing during Sentence Comprehension: Evidence from Event-Related Optical Signals [“Using the event-related optical signal (EROS) technique, this study investigated the dynamics of semantic brain activation during sentence comprehension. Participants read sentences constituent-by-constituent and made a semantic judgment at the end of each sentence. The EROSs were recorded simultaneously with ERPs and time-locked to expected or unexpected sentence-final target words. The unexpected words evoked a larger N400 and a late positivity than the expected ones”] http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Ad ... ne.0070671
PNAS – 30 July 2013
SUSAN C ALBERTS et al – Reproductive aging patterns in primates reveal that humans are distinct [“Here we carried out a unique detailed comparative study of reproductive senescence in seven species of nonhuman primates in natural populations, using long-term, individual-based data, and compared them to a population of humans experiencing natural fertility and mortality. In four of seven primate species we found that reproductive senescence occurred before death only in a small minority of individuals. In three primate species we found evidence of reproductive senescence that accelerated throughout adulthood; however, its initial rate was much lower than mortality, so that relatively few individuals experienced reproductive senescence before death. In contrast, the human population showed the predicted and well-known pattern in which reproductive senescence occurred before death for many women and its rate accelerated throughout adulthood”] http://www.pnas.org/content/early/2013/ ... 0.abstract
CHRISTOPHER OPIE, QUENTIN D ATKINSON, ROBIN I M DUNBAR & SUSANNE SHULTZ – Male infanticide leads to social monogamy in primates [“Primates are unusual among mammals because monogamy has evolved independently in all of the major clades. Here we combine trait data across 230 primate species with a Bayesian likelihood framework to test for correlated evolution between monogamy and a range of traits to evaluate the competing hypotheses. We find evidence of correlated evolution between social monogamy and both female ranging patterns and biparental care, but the most compelling explanation for the appearance of monogamy is male infanticide. It is only the presence of infanticide that reliably increases the probability of a shift to social monogamy, whereas monogamy allows the secondary adoption of paternal care and is associated with a shift to discrete ranges. The origin of social monogamy in primates is best explained by long lactation periods caused by altriciality, making primate infants particularly vulnerable to infanticidal males. We show that biparental care shortens relative lactation length, thereby reducing infanticide risk and increasing reproductive rates”] http://www.pnas.org/content/early/2013/ ... 0.abstract
ANDREW S WILSON et al – Archaeological, radiological, and biological evidence offer insight into Inca child sacrifice [“Examination of three frozen bodies, a 13-y-old girl and a girl and boy aged 4 to 5 y, separately entombed near the Andean summit of Volcán Llullaillaco, Argentina, sheds new light on human sacrifice as a central part of the Imperial Inca capacocha rite, described by chroniclers writing after the Spanish conquest. The high-resolution diachronic data presented here, obtained directly from scalp hair, implies escalating coca and alcohol ingestion in the lead-up to death”] http://www.pnas.org/content/early/2013/ ... 0.abstract
ROBERT E DEWAR et al – Stone tools and foraging in northern Madagascar challenge Holocene extinction models [prepublication now publication] http://www.pnas.org/content/110/31/12583.abstract
AMY BOGAARD et al – Crop manuring and intensive land management by Europe’s first farmers [prepublication now publication] http://www.pnas.org/content/110/31/12589.abstract
DOMNA BANAKOU, RAPHAELA GROTEN & MEL SLATER – Illusory ownership of a virtual child body causes overestimation of object sizes and implicit attitude changes [“In Exp. 1, immersive virtual reality was used to embody 30 adults as a 4-y-old child (condition C), and as an adult body scaled to the same height as the child (condition A), experienced from the first-person perspective, and with virtual and real body movements synchronized. The result was a strong body-ownership illusion equally for C and A. Moreover there was an overestimation of the sizes of objects compared with a nonembodied baseline, which was significantly greater for C compared with A. An implicit association test showed that C resulted in significantly faster reaction times for the classification of self with child-like compared with adult-like attributes”] http://www.pnas.org/content/110/31/12846.abstract
Philosophy Now – July/August 2013
CHRIS DURANTE – A philosophical identity crisis [what gives the person you are today continuity with previous selves? Memory continuity? Physical continuity? Or is the fact that you feel yourself to be continuous enough?]
SAM WOOLFE – The illusion of self [being human means that we tell ourselves stories about the universe, and build logical edifices out of these fictions. One of these edifices is the concept of self.]
FRANK S ROBINSON – How old is the self [Julian Jaynes proposes an interesting idea in “The Origins of Consciousness in the Breakdown of the Bicameral Mind”, but his timescales are way out.]