EAORC Bulletins #455

Reviews or summaries of the recent literature are posted here.

EAORC Bulletins #455

Postby AlgisKuliukas » Sat Mar 17, 2012 7:43 am

*** CONTENTS ***


- SCIENCENOW - Shame on the Rich
- SCIENCENOW -Nice to Meet eet eet You
- SCIENCENOW - Children, Not Chimps, Collaborate to Solve a Puzzle Box
- SCIAM NEWS - Social Cues in the Brain [Interactive]
- SCIAM NEWS - MIND in Pictures: The Cranial Network
- PAPERS - Fifty Key Thinkers - free access to journal articles in March


- Proceedings of the Royal Society B - No issue this week
- Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B - 5 April 2012
- New Scientist - 3 March 2012
- Science - 2 March 2012
- Nature - 1 March 2012
- PLOS One - 29 February 2012
- PNAS - 28 February 2012

*** NOTICES ***
--- SCIENCENOW - Shame on the Rich ---

Unethical behavior more common in upper classes
http://news.sciencemag.org/sciencenow/2 ... tml?ref=em

--- SCIENCENOW -Nice to Meet eet eet You ---

Wild dolphins introduce themselves with "signature whistles"
http://news.sciencemag.org/sciencenow/2 ... tml?ref=em

--- SCIENCENOW - Children, Not Chimps, Collaborate to Solve a Puzzle Box ---

Toddlers fare better than chimps or monkeys when it comes to cooperating
http://news.sciencemag.org/sciencenow/2 ... tml?ref=em

--- SCIAM NEWS - Social Cues in the Brain [Interactive] ---

Visit the places that help us sense other people's feelings in this
Scientific American Mind tour of the brain
By Ingrid Wickelgren
http://www.scientificamerican.com/artic ... B_20120229

--- SCIAM NEWS - MIND in Pictures: The Cranial Network ---

A different take on the social network
By Dwayne Godwin and Jorge Cham
http://www.scientificamerican.com/artic ... B_20120229

--- PAPERS - Fifty Key Thinkers - free access to journal articles in March

To celebrate the publication of Fifty Key Thinkers on Language and
Linguistics, edited by Margaret Thomas, we have collected together key
articles from across our range of journals related to the life and work of
some of these influential figures. Gain free online access to selected
articles throughout March at http://bit.ly/50KeyThinkers

Find out more about the book at

Did you know you can receive an email alert each time a Routledge
Linguistics journal is published? Table of contents alerts are a convenient
way to receive notification each time a new issue of your favourite journal
is published online – ensuring you know about the latest research while it’s
still ‘hot off the press’. Furthermore, throughout March all new registrants
will be entered into a prize draw to win an Amazon KindleTM and $80 (£50)
worth of Routledge books. Register for an alert at

--- KEY:
*** NEWS: items that cannot stand as an independent source.
*** REVIEWS: items that review a book or publication.
*** ARTICLES: items that are quotable, but which count as secondary sources.
*** PAPERS: quotable primary source items.

--- Proceedings of the Royal Society B - No issue this week ---

--- Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B - 5 April 2012 ---


... ANAHITA BASIRAT et al - Perceptuo-motor interactions in the perceptual
organization of speech: evidence from the verbal transformation effect
["this paper presents a review of recent behavioural and neuroimaging
studies investigating the role of perceptuo-motor interactions in the
effect. Behavioural data show that articulatory constraints and visual
information from the speaker's articulatory gestures can influence verbal
transformations. In line with these data, functional magnetic resonance
imaging and intracranial electroencephalography studies demonstrate that
articulatory-based representations play a key role in the emergence and the
stabilization of speech percepts during a verbal transformation task.
Overall, these results suggest that perceptuo (multisensory)-motor processes
are involved in the perceptual organization of speech and the formation of
speech perceptual objects"]
http://rstb.royalsocietypublishing.org/ ... 5.abstract

--- New Scientist - 3 March 2012 ---

*** NEWS

... Neandethals were ancient mariners [Mousterian tools found on Lefkada,
Kefalonia and Zakynthos indicate that Neanderthals were going to sea about
100kya, 50kya before H.sapiens. Similar tools found on Crete may indicate an
even more ancient sea-faring tradition]
http://www.newscientist.com/article/mg2 ... iners.html

... New male spells death for unborn monkeys [When a new male takes over a
troop of geladas, it's bad news for any unborn monkeys: their mothers abort
them within days]
http://www.newscientist.com/article/dn2 ... nkeys.html


... Deep future: How will our language evolve? [Given the rapid change in
language in just a few millennia, what will it be like tens of thousands of
years from now, wonders David Robson {amusing but pointless speculation}]
http://www.newscientist.com/article/mg2 ... volve.html

--- Science - 2 March 2012 ---

*** NEWS

... 'Killjoys' Challenge Claims of Clever Animals [Despite recent claims of
advanced intelligence in animals, researchers still debate how to test
whether their abilities reflect humanlike cognition]
http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/s ... /6072/1036


... T FLORIAN JAEGER et al - Comment on "Phonemic Diversity Supports a
Serial Founder Effect Model of Language Expansion from Africa"
http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/s ... 072/1042-a

... QUENTIN D ATKINSON - Response to Comment on "Phonemic Diversity Supports
a Serial Founder Effect Model of Language Expansion from Africa"
http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/s ... 072/1042-b


... ROBERT KURZBAN et al - Origins of Cumulative Culture [Why does human
culture accumulate, but that of other species do not?]
http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/s ... /6072/1056


... L G DEAN et al - Identification of the Social and Cognitive Processes
Underlying Human Cumulative Culture ["In a comparative study of sequential
problem solving, we provided groups of capuchin monkeys, chimpanzees, and
children with an experimental puzzlebox that could be solved in three stages
to retrieve rewards of increasing desirability. The success of the children,
but not of the chimpanzees or capuchins, in reaching higher-level solutions
was strongly associated with a package of sociocognitive processes—including
teaching through verbal instruction, imitation, and prosociality—that were
observed only in the children and covaried with performance "]
http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/s ... /6072/1114

--- Nature - 1 March 2012 ---


... ANDREW ROBINSON - Archaeology: A clash of symbols [who deserves the
credit for deciphering the hieroglyphs?]
http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v4 ... E-20120301

... SIMON GÄCHTER - Social science: Carrot or stick? [Rewards and
punishments can cajole people into cooperating, but they are costly to
implement. A theoretical study finds that, when participation in group
activities is optional, punishing uncooperative behaviour is the cheaper
http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v4 ... E-20120301

--- PLOS One - 29 February 2012 ---


... ROSSELLA FALCONE et al - Monkeys Monitor Human Goals in a
Nonmatch-to-Goal Interactive Task ["We designed a new task, called
nonmatch-to-goal, to study the ability of macaque monkeys to interact with
humans in a rule-guided paradigm. In this task the monkeys were required to
choose one of two targets, from a list of three. For each choice, they were
required to switch from their choice on the previous trial to a different
one. In a subset of trials the monkeys observed a human partner performing
the task. When the human concluded his turn, the monkeys were required to
switch to a new goal discarding the human's previous goal. We found that
monkeys were very skillful in monitoring goals, not only of their own choice
by also those of their human partner. They showed also a surprising ability
to coordinate their actions, taking turns with the human partner, starting
and stopping their own turn following the decision of the human partner in
the task"]
http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi ... ne.0032209

--- PNAS - 28 February 2012 ---


... ELIKA BERGELSON & DANIEL SWINGLEY - At 6–9 months, human infants know
the meanings of many common nouns ["We presented 6- to 9-mo-old infants with
sets of pictures to view while their parent named a picture in each set.
Over this entire age range, infants directed their gaze to the named
pictures, indicating their understanding of spoken words. Because the words
were not trained in the laboratory, the results show that even young infants
learn ordinary words through daily experience with language. This surprising
accomplishment indicates that, contrary to prevailing beliefs, either
infants can already grasp the referential intentions of adults at 6 mo or
infants can learn words before this ability emerges"]

... SHINYA YAMAMOTO et al - Chimpanzees’ flexible targeted helping based on
an understanding of conspecifics’ goals ["The subjects of this study
selected an appropriate tool from a random set of seven objects to transfer
to a conspecific partner confronted with differing tool-use situations,
indicating that they understood what their partner needed. This targeted
helping, (i.e., selecting the appropriate tool to transfer), was observed
only when the helpers could visually assess their partner's situation. If
visual access was obstructed, the chimpanzees still tried to help their
partner upon request, but failed to select and donate the appropriate tool
needed by their partner. These results suggest that the limitation in
chimpanzees’ voluntary helping is not necessarily due to failure in
understanding others’ goals. Chimpanzees can understand conspecifics’ goals
and demonstrate cognitively advanced targeted helping as long as they are
able to visually evaluate their conspecifics’ predicament. However, they
will seldom help others without direct request for help"]
Waterside hypotheses of human evolution assert that selection from wading, swimming and diving and procurement of food from aquatic habitats have significantly affected the evolution of the lineage leading to Homo sapiens as distinct from that leading to Pan. (p118)
Kuliukas, A., Morgan, E. (2011). Aquatic scenarios in the thinking on human evolution: What are they and how do they compare?. In: Vaneechoutte, M., Verhaegen, M., Kuliukas, A. (2011). Was Man More Aquatic in the Past?
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